KRASNODAR

KRASNODAR (formerly Yekaterinodar), capital of Krasnodar Territory (N. Caucasus), Russia. Until 1917 the city was outside the pale of Settlement, and only demobilized soldiers, professionals, highly skilled artisans, and wealthy merchants were allowed to settle in the city, so in 1897 only 562 Jews (0.8% of the total population) lived there. By 1926 their numbers had increased to 1,740 (1.1%), and by 1939 to about 5,818 persons in the entire territory except for the Adygei Autonomous District. Probably most of them lived in Krasnodar. Apparently the majority of the Jews succeeded in escaping before the town was occupied by the Germans on August 12, 1942. Those remaining, about 500 persons, were executed on August 21–22, 1942, at a kolkhoz outside the city. The Jewish population was estimated at 1,500 (300 families) in 1970. The only synagogue was closed by the authorities in the 1950s and there was no Jewish cemetery. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Special Committee for Documentation and Research of German-Fascist Crimes…, Dokumenty obvinyayut (1945). (Yehuda Slutsky / Shmuel Spector (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Krasnodar — Краснодар …   Wikipédia en Français

  • KRASNODAR — Chef lieu d’un territoire homonyme de la Fédération de Russie (83 600 km2, 4 294 000 hab. en 1983), Krasnodar, construite sur les rives du Kouban à l’endroit où le fleuve devient navigable, comptait 635 000 habitants en 1992. Fondée en 1793 sous… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Krasnodar — [kräs΄nō där′] 1. territory in SW Russia, in the N Caucasus: 29,300 sq mi (75,887 sq km); pop. 5,004,000 2. capital of this territory, on the Kuban River: pop. 646,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Krasnodar — Stadt Krasnodar Краснодар Flagge Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Krasnodar — Краснодар Krasnodar Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Krasnodar — Infobox Russian city EnglishName=Krasnodar RussianName=Краснодар Skyline SkylineLegend LatDeg=45 LatMin=02 LatSec LonDeg=38 LonMin=58 LonSec LocatorMap LocatorMapLegend Flag CityDay=Last non working day of September FederalSubject=Krasnodar Krai… …   Wikipedia

  • Krasnodar — Krasnodạr,   1) bis 1920 Jekaterinodạr, Ekaterinodạr [je ], Hauptstadt der Region Krasnodar, Russland, am Kuban, 638 000 Einwohner; Universität (gegründet 1970), zwei nichtstaatliche Universitäten, technische und medizinische Hochschule,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Krasnodar — /kras neuh dahr /; Russ. /krddeuh snu dahrdd /, n. 1. a territory of the Russian Federation in SE Europe. 4,814,000; 34,200 sq. mi. (88,578 sq. km). 2. Formerly, Ekaterinodar, Yekaterinodar. a city in and the capital of this territory, on the… …   Universalium

  • krasnodar — ˈkraznəˌdär, ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ˈ ̷ ̷ adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Krasnodar, city in southern part of European Russia, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of or from the city of Krasnodar, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of …   Useful english dictionary

  • Krasnodar — Original name in latin Krasnodar Name in other language Ekaterinodar, KRR, Krasnodar, Krasnodara, Yekaterinodar, ke la si nuo da er, keulaseunodaleu, kurasunodaru, qrsnwdr, Краснодар State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 45.04484… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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